This article introduces the SLURM queues batch job submissions to LOTUS. It covers:
- Queue name
- Queue details
- How to view the state of SLURM queues
- How to choose a queue
LOTUS cluster is managed by SLURM and the SLURM queues are:
Each queue has an attribute of run-length limits (e.g. short, long) and resources. A full breakdown of each queue and its associated resources is shown below in Table 1.
Queues represent a set of pending jobs, lined up in a defined order, and waiting for their opportunity to use resources. The queue is specified in the job script file using SLURM scheduler directive
#SBATCH -p <partition=queue_name> where
<queue_name> is the name of the queue/partition (Table 1. column 1)
Table 1 summarises important specifications for each queue such as run time limits and the number of CPU core limits. If the queue is not selected, SLURM will schedule the job to the queue
short-serial by default.
Table 1. LOTUS/SLURM queues and their specifications
|Queue name||Max run time||Default run time||Max cores per job||Max cores per user||Priority|
Note 1: Resources that the job requests must be within the resource allocation limits of the selected queue.
Note 2: The default value for
--time=[hh:mm:ss] (predicted maximum wall time) is 1 hour for the six SLURM queues. If you do not specify this option and/or your job exceeds the maximum run time limit then it will be terminated by the SLURM scheduler.
How to view the state of SLURM queues
The SLURM command
sinfo reports the state of queues/partitions and nodes managed by SLURM. It has a wide variety of filtering, sorting, and formatting options.
$ sinfo PARTITION AVAIL TIMELIMIT NODES STATE NODELIST test up 4:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] short-serial* up 1-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] long-serial up 7-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] par-single up 2-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] par-multi up 2-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] high-mem up 2-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] lotus_gpu up 7-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] copy up 7-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] cpom-comet up 7-00:00:00 48 idle host[146-193] ...
Note: Queues other than the standard queues
'sinfo' Output field description:
By default, the SLURM command 'sinfo' displays the following information:
- PARTITION: Partition name followed by "*" for the default queue/partition
- AVAIL: State/availability of a queue/partition. Partition state: up or down.
- TIMELIMIT: The maximum run time limit per job in each queue/partition is shown in TIMELIMIT in days- hours:minutes
:seconds. e.g. 2-00:00:00 is two days maximum runtime limit
- NODES: Count of nodes with this particular configuration e.g. 48 nodes
- STATE: State of the nodes. Possible states include: allocated, down, drained, and idle. For example the state "idle" means that the node is not allocated to any jobs and is available for use.
- NODELIST List of node names associated with this queue/partition
The 'sinfo' example below, reports more complete information about the partition/queue short-serial
$ sinfo --long --partition=short-serial Tue May 12 18:04:54 2020 PARTITION AVAIL TIMELIMIT JOB_SIZE ROOT OVERSUBS GROUPS NODES STATE NODELIST short-serial* up 1-00:00:00 1-infinite no NO all 48 idle host[146-193]
How to choose a SLURM queue
Serial and array jobs with a single CPU core should be submitted to one of the following serial queues depending on the job duration and the memory requirement. The default queue is
Serial or array jobs with a single CPU core and run time less than 24 hrs should be submitted to
Serial or array jobs with a single CPU core and run time greater than 24 hrs and less than 168 hrs (7 days) should be submitted to the
Serial or array jobs with a single CPU core and high memory requirement (> 64 GB) should be submitted to
Jobs requiring more than one CPU core should be submitted to one of the following parallel queues depending on the type of parallelisms such as shared memory or distributed memory jobs.
Shared memory multi-threaded jobs with
sbatch -n <number of CPU cores>
#SBATCH -n <number of CPU cores> the job script file. An example is shown below:
Note: Jobs submitted with a number of CPU cores greater than 16 will be terminated (killed) by SLURM scheduler with the following statement in the job output file:
Distributed memory jobs with inter-node communication using the MPI library should be submitted to
sbatch -n <number of CPU cores>
#SBATCH -n <number of CPU cores>
Note 1: The number of CPU cores gets passed from SLURM submission
Note 3: SLURM will terminate a job that requires a number of CPU cores greater than the limit of 256.